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vrijdag 14 april 2017

Breaking Bad


Breaking Bad
Scheikundeleraar Walter White krijgt op een dag te horen dat hij terminale longkanker heeft. Om zijn gezin financieel veilig te stellen begint hij samen met een oud-leerling een lab om amfetamine, beter bekend als 'crystal meth', te maken. Hebberige criminelen kijken mee over zijn schouders, net als het intens bedroefde en ongeleide projectiel Jesse (www.vpro.nl/programmas/breaking-bad.html).


Breaking Bad is een Amerikaanse televisieserie van bedenker en producent Vince Gilligan. De serie liep van 2008 tot 2013.
De serie werd uitgebracht door Sony Pictures Television en was in de Verenigde Staten te zien op de zender AMC. Het eerste seizoen werd in 2008 uitgezonden. De hoofdrollen worden vertolkt door Bryan Cranston, Anna Gunn, Aaron Paul, Dean Norris en Betsy Brandt. De serie werd opgenomen in Albuquerque, de grootste stad van de staat New Mexico, alwaar het zich ook afspeelt. Het vijfde en tevens laatste seizoen van de serie bevat 16 afleveringen, waarvan het eerste deel in 2012 werd uitgezonden. In het najaar van 2013 zond AMC de laatste acht afleveringen uit.[1]
In verscheidene afleveringen wordt er gewerkt met flashbacks en flashforwards, die pas op het einde van de aflevering, of soms pas vele afleveringen later, duidelijk worden. Verscheidene details, die in eerste instantie weinig of geen betekenis hebben, blijken later in de serie van groot belang te zijn. De personages worden vaak onderworpen aan gebeurtenissen die (al dan niet toevallig) blijken verbonden te zijn met eerdere gebeurtenissen of de belevenissen van andere personages.
De serie heeft zes Emmy Awards gewonnen (https://nl.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breaking_Bad).
Gedurende vijf seizoenen kon Breaking Bad internationaal op veel bekijks rekenen en sleepte het drama tal van prijzen binnen, waaronder ruim tien Emmy's voor zowel de serie, als hoofdrolspeler Bryan Cranston  (www.vpro.nl/programmas/breaking-bad.html).

After binge-watching the entire show in a span of two weeks, Anthony Hopkins wrote a glowing fan letter to Bryan Cranston, praising him and his fellow actors for their incredible acting, as well as lauding the rest of the crew, comparing the series to a "great Shakespearian or Greek tragedy".
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Raymond Cruz's Tuco Salamanca would have been retained for the entire run of season 2 if Cruz hadn't landed a major role on the TV series The Closer (2005).
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As the series progresses, Walter White starts wearing more and more black or dark-colored clothing. In several season 5 episodes, he wears mostly black or dark grey.
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Walter White's alias, Heisenberg, is a tribute to Werner Heisenberg, who formulated the uncertainty principle, which states that it is impossible to determine simultaneously both the position and velocity of an electron or any other particle with any great degree of accuracy or certainty.
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Hank Schrader's family name is also related to chemistry. German scholar Gerhard Schrader accidentally discovered the first nerve gas.
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Bryan Cranston stated in an interview that the term "breaking bad" is a southern colloquialism, referring to someone who has taken a turn off the path of the straight and narrow. The lapse could last for a day or a lifetime.
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Bromine (Br) is used to stop flames. Barium (Ba) is used to cause flames. (Br)eaking (Ba)d symbolizes Walt's corrupted mind on manufacturing meth.
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In the beginning of each episode, the chemical formula C10H15N along with the number 149.24 and the word "Meth" can be seen just before the title Breaking Bad appears. C10H15N is the formula for methamphetamine, which has the molecular weight of 149.24 (www.imdb.com/title/tt0903747/trivia?ref_=tt_ql_2).


A high school chemistry teacher diagnosed with inoperable lung cancer turns to manufacturing and selling methamphetamine in order to secure his family's future (www.imdb.com/title/tt0903747/).


Walter Hartwell White Sr. (also known by his clandestine alias Heisenberg) is a fictional character and the main protagonist of Breaking Bad, portrayed by Bryan Cranston. A graduate of the California Institute of Technology, Walt was once a promising chemist who cofounded the company Gray Matter Technologies with his close friend Elliot Schwartz and his then-girlfriend Gretchen. He left Gray Matter abruptly, selling his shares for $5,000; soon afterward, the company made a fortune, much of it from his research. Walt subsequently moved to Albuquerque, New Mexico, where he became a high school chemistry teacher. The series Breaking Bad begins on Walter's fiftieth birthday, when he is diagnosed with Stage IIIA lung cancer. After this discovery, he resorts to manufacturing methamphetamine and drug dealing to ensure his family's financial security after his death. He is pulled deeper into the illicit drug trade, becoming more and more ruthless as the series progresses, and later adopts the alias "Heisenberg", which becomes recognizable as the kingpin figure in the local drug trade. Series creator Vince Gilligan has described his goal with Walter White as "turning Mr. Chips into Scarface", and deliberately made the character less sympathetic over the course of the series. Walt's evolution from mild-mannered school teacher and family man to ruthless criminal mastermind and murderer is the show's central focus (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Walter_White_(Breaking_Bad)).

Walter "Walt" Hartwell White Sr., also known by his clandestine pseudonym "Heisenberg", was a chemist and a former chemistry teacher in Albuquerque, New Mexico, who, after being diagnosed with Stage 3A inoperable lung cancer, started manufacturing crystal methamphetamine to both pay for his treatments and provide for his family in the event of his passing. He is the central character of the series, and is portrayed as a protagonist, antagonist and antihero. As the series progresses, Walter gradually becomes darker and takes on a more villainous role.
Walt was once a promising chemist who, in graduate school, contributed research to a Nobel Prize-winning experiment. After graduate school, he cofounded the company Gray Matter Technologies with his friend Elliott Schwartz and his then-girlfriend Gretchen. Walt abruptly left the company and sold his financial interest for $5,000. Gretchen and Elliot later married and made a fortune. Walt resents Elliot and Gretchen for profiting from his work without crediting him (http://breakingbad.wikia.com/wiki/Walter_White).

Jesse Bruce Pinkman is a fictional character in Breaking Bad, played by Aaron Paul. He is a crystal meth cook and dealer, and works with his former high school chemistry teacher, Walter White (Bryan Cranston) in a meth operation. Jesse is the only character besides Walt to appear in every episode of the show.
The character has received praise from critics and fans alike. Paul has also received universal acclaim for his performance. For his portrayal, Paul won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series in 2010, 2012, and 2014 -- which makes him the only actor to win the category three times, since its separation into drama and comedy. Back when the categories were combined, Art Carney and Don Knotts won three as well, which ties Paul for the most wins in the award's history.
Jesse is well known for his liberal use of the words "yo" and "bitch" (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesse_Pinkman).

Jesse Bruce Pinkman is the deuteragonist of Breaking Bad. He is the former partner of Walter White in the methamphetamine drug trade. Jesse was a small-time methamphetamine user, manufacturer, and dealer. He was also an inattentive student in Walter White's chemistry class, leading to his dropping out. In his mid-20s, Jesse became Walt's business partner in the meth trade. Before his partnership with Walt, he, operating under the pseudonym "Cap'n Cook", added a little Chili Powder to make his methamphetamine stand out in the market.
Walt insisted on making a pure product, however, and thus eschewed the chili powder altogether, patronizingly teaching Jesse how to make "proper" meth. Walt often treated Jesse like a foolish son in constant need of stern correction. Jesse's own family kicked him out because of his drug use. Despite the friction between them, he and Walt have a deep bond of loyalty. Like Walt, Jesse is horrified by the brutality at the higher levels of the drug trade, but does what he thinks is necessary. He wrestles with feelings of guilt about the deaths, all drug-related, of people he's been associated with, especially his girlfriend Jane Margolis. He often attended Narcotics Anonymous meetings to help deal with these feelings (http://breakingbad.wikia.com/wiki/Jesse_Pinkman).

James "Jimmy" Morgan McGill, better known by his professional alias Saul Goodman, is a former criminal lawyer and the former principal attorney of Saul Goodman & Associates. He operated out of a cheap strip mall office and ran over-the-top late night TV ads advising potential clients they'd "Better Call Saul!" when in trouble with the law, promising "I fight for YOU, Albuquerque!" While his late-night commercial ads seemed tacky and cheap, Saul was an incredibly effective lawyer, using illegal tactics and dirty schemes to make sure his clients came out on top (http://breakingbad.wikia.com/wiki/Saul_Goodman).

Naast Walt "Heisenberg" White , Jesse Pinkman en Saul Goodman zijn ook de vrouw van Walt (Skyler) en diens zwager (Hank Schräder) relevant. Zij mogen namelijk niks te weten komen van zijn project. Vooral ook omdat Hank een DEA-agent is...

Skyler White (née Lambert) is a fictional character in Breaking Bad, where she is portrayed by Anna Gunn. For her portrayal, Gunn won two consecutive Primetime Emmy Awards for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Drama Series in 2013 and 2014. She also won the Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Drama Series in 2014.
Skyler has had several meager sources of income: working as a bookkeeper for the Albuquerque firm Beneke Fabricators, writing short stories and selling items on eBay. She and her husband, Walter White (Bryan Cranston), have a son, Walt Jr. (RJ Mitte), who has cerebral palsy, and an infant daughter, Holly. Her sister, Marie (Betsy Brandt), is married to a DEA agent, Hank Schrader (Dean Norris). Skyler is approximately 11 years younger than Walt, whom she met when she was a hostess at a diner near Walt's former place of work, near the Los Alamos National Laboratory (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Skyler_White).

"You clearly don't know who you're talking to, so let me clue you in: I am not in danger, Skyler. I am the danger. A guy opens his door and gets shot, and you think that of me? No! I am the one who knocks!"
―Walter White (http://breakingbad.wikia.com/wiki/Walter_White)

"Someone has to protect this family from the man who protects this family."
―Skyler White about her husband (http://breakingbad.wikia.com/wiki/Skyler_White)

Skyler White (née Lambert) is the wife of Walter White. Skyler and Walter have a teenage son, Walter White Jr., and an infant daughter, Holly White. Skyler cares for Walter very much, but their marriage becomes increasingly strained due to his unexplained absences and bizarre behavior, ultimately leading to their separation.
Later, once Walter reveals his involvement in the meth business, she initially seeks a divorce but ultimately ends up aiding him in laundering his illicit funds. At Skyler's behest, the Whites eventually procure the A1A Car Wash that Walter once had to work at. As Walter slowly becomes more of a "hardened criminal," she becomes increasingly frightened for her and her children's safety, attempting to get Walt Jr. and Holly as far away from their father as possible. Skyler's sister, Marie Schrader, was married to Hank Schrader, an agent with the DEA (http://breakingbad.wikia.com/wiki/Skyler_White).


Henry R. "Hank" Schrader was the husband of Marie Schrader (the sister of Skyler White) and Assistant Special Agent in Charge (ASAC) of the Albuquerque office of the Drug Enforcement Administration. A high-energy and boisterous man, Hank was Walter White's brother-in-law.
Although he was a highly competent agent and seemed to genuinely care about Marie, Walter, Skyler White and Walter White Jr., his loud and loutish machismo insulated him from the danger he faced daily.
Hank's year-long investigation of the meth kingpin in the area named "Heisenberg" - the source of a mysterious, high-quality blue meth - led him to expose Gus' Drug Empire and bring down Gustavo Fring. However, he was historically unaware that "Heisenberg" was the alter-ego of his brother-in-law Walter. By linking Walt to Gale Boetticher, a known manufacturer of blue meth for the Fring drug ring, Hank eventually discovered Walt's secret and began to dedicate himself to bringing Walt to justice once and for all... Hank has a cavalier exterior, but the dark side of his job affects him more than he cares to admit. Despite his considerable shortcomings, Hank is basically a good-hearted family man. Although he is loud and opinionated, he is competent at his job and, before learning Walt's secret and Skyler's complicity, cared deeply about his in-laws. Hank brews his own beer, which he has named "Schraderbräu", in his garage, and enjoys playing fantasy football.  (http://breakingbad.wikia.com/wiki/Hank_Schrader).


Henry R. "Hank" Schrader is a fictional character in Breaking Bad. He is portrayed by Dean Norris and created by series creator Vince Gilligan. Hank is the brother-in-law of main character Walter White, and a DEA agent in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Throughout the series, he leads the investigation of the methamphetamine cook "Heisenberg" — unaware that the elusive drug kingpin is his own brother-in-law. Hank is also faced with numerous threats from the rival drug cartels because of Walt's actions which take a toll on Hank's sanity as the series progresses, and eventually starts taking more extreme measures to find "Heisenberg" and arrest him. Hank's character development over the course of the series and Norris' performance have been critically acclaimed. Hank is a special agent with the DEA, where he rose through the ranks to become the supervisor of all investigations handled by his Albuquerque office, under the watchful eye of ASAC George Merkert (Michael Shamus Wiles) and SAC Ramey. He is married to Marie (Betsy Brandt), with whom he has no children. He is close to his family-by-marriage, the Whites: Walt, his wife (and Marie's sister) Skyler (Anna Gunn), and their son Walter Jr. (R.J. Mitte). In contrast with the mild-mannered Walt, Hank is extroverted, ambitious and apparently fearless, eager to take on dangerous investigations to further his career. Beneath his tough, unflappable exterior, however, he struggles with some of his own vulnerabilities: he had cold feet when it came to marrying Marie, and despite his ambition he is afraid to move outside his comfort zone at work.
As a hobby, Hank home brews his own beer, which he calls "Schraderbräu". After he gets shot by the Salamanca cousins, he spends part of season 4 taking up mineral collecting, much to Marie's chagrin. (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hank_Schrader).



In aflevering 5 van seizoen twee zien we Hank in zijn garage met allerlei bierbrouwpullen. Een waterslot, vergistingsvaten, een hevel, bussen brouwpakket (moutextract), kroonkurken en een flessenboom komen allemaal voorbij. Hank is zijn flesjes aan het voorzien van een kroonkurk met zo een rode 'kroonkurkhendel'. Als plots een flesje klapt.

De serie over meth zou hier wellicht kunnen verwijzen naar het feit dat vroeger het zelfbrouwen illegaal was. Bijzonder dat een DEA-agent dan nu zelf brouwt, iets dat vroeger niet zou kunnen. Als 's nachts er geknal klinkt gaat hij met getrokken pistool kijken. Het blijkt dat zijn bier bierbommetjes zijn en klappen.


The man is bottling his own beer, (in episode “Breakage” S02E05) even though it turns out to be overcarbonated (http://brooklynbrewery.com/blog/community/schraderbrau-saying-goodbye-to-our-favorite-fictional-homebrewer/),

Hank calls in sick and is found by Marie making some of his original home-made brew called Schraderbräu in his garage, much to Marie's dismay. Later, Hank and Marie invite the Whites over for a barbeque. Hank shares his experience with Tuco to Walter Jr., telling him that criminals are like cockroaches and that you stomp them down when you see one without thinking. That night, Hank is awoken by lound gunshot-like pops coming from inside his house. Tense and alert with gun in hand, he heads to the garage, realizing that the noise was made by his beer bottles popping off (http://breakingbad.wikia.com/wiki/Hank_Schrader).

Het mooie aan de serie vind ik dat het mooi aantoont dat misdaad niet loont... en de Schräderbrau:


Schraderbräu is a homebrew beer brewed by Hank Schrader. He is seen bottling the beer in Breakage, the fifth episode of season 2. He offers a six-pack of the beer as a prize in a fundraiser in ABQ, the thirteenth episode of season 2 (http://breakingbad.wikia.com/wiki/Schraderbr%C3%A4u).

What could the Scraderbrau be? A Munich Helles? A Czech Pilsner? Maybe an American IPA? There have been plenty of tribute beers to Breaking Bad. Hank himself even had a slogan contest, that it seems people are still entering four years later. We know it’s “brewed to silky perfection” but it would seem to me the Schraderbrau needs a better description (http://brooklynbrewery.com/blog/community/schraderbrau-saying-goodbye-to-our-favorite-fictional-homebrewer/).


Beryllium is a chemical element with symbol Be and atomic number 4. It is a relatively rare element in the universe, usually occurring as a product of the spallation of larger atomic nuclei that have collided with cosmic rays. Within the cores of stars beryllium is depleted as it is fused and creates larger elements. It is a divalent element which occurs naturally only in combination with other elements in minerals. Notable gemstones which contain beryllium include beryl (aquamarine, emerald) and chrysoberyl. As a free element it is a steel-gray, strong, lightweight and brittle alkaline earth metal.
Beryllium improves many physical properties when added as an alloying element to aluminium, copper (notably the alloy beryllium copper), iron and nickel.[4] Beryllium does not form oxides until it reaches very high temperatures. Tools made of beryllium copper alloys are strong and hard and do not create sparks when they strike a steel surface. In structural applications, the combination of high flexural rigidity, thermal stability, thermal conductivity and low density (1.85 times that of water) make beryllium metal a desirable aerospace material for aircraft components, missiles, spacecraft, and satellites.[4] Because of its low density and atomic mass, beryllium is relatively transparent to X-rays and other forms of ionizing radiation; therefore, it is the most common window material for X-ray equipment and components of particle physics experiments.[4] The high thermal conductivities of beryllium and beryllium oxide have led to their use in thermal management applications.

The commercial use of beryllium requires the use of appropriate dust control equipment and industrial controls at all times because of the toxicity of inhaled beryllium-containing dusts that can cause a chronic life-threatening allergic disease in some people called berylliosis.[5] (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beryllium)



Erbium is a chemical element in the lanthanide series, with symbol Er and atomic number 68. A silvery-white solid metal when artificially isolated, natural erbium is always found in chemical combination with other elements on Earth. As such, it is a rare earth element which is associated with several other rare elements in the mineral gadolinite from Ytterby in Sweden, where yttrium, ytterbium, and terbium were discovered.
Erbium's principal uses involve its pink-colored Er3+ ions, which have optical fluorescent properties particularly useful in certain laser applications. Erbium-doped glasses or crystals can be used as optical amplification media, where Er3+ ions are optically pumped at around 980 or 1480 nm and then radiate light at 1530 nm in stimulated emission. This process results in an unusually mechanically simple laser optical amplifier for signals transmitted by fiber optics. The 1550 nm wavelength is especially important for optical communications because standard single mode optical fibers have minimal loss at this particular wavelength.
In addition to optical fiber amplifier-lasers, a large variety of medical applications (i.e. dermatology, dentistry) rely on the erbium ion's 2940 nm emission (see Er:YAG laser), which is highly absorbed in water in tissues, making its effect very superficial. Such shallow tissue deposition of laser energy is helpful in laser surgery, and for the efficient production of steam which produces enamel ablation by common types of dental laser (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erbium).

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