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dinsdag 19 april 2016

WW 1 zomer 1916


14-18 is een bier.

Flanders Fields Ale 14-18 Tripel
Brewed by Brouwerij Anders!
Style: Abbey Tripel
Halen, Belgium
ABV: 8%
(/www.ratebeer.com/beer/flanders-fields-ale-14-18-tripel/313968/)
De Flanders Fields Ale 14-18 Original Tripel is een tripel ale met de rijke smaak van echte Vlaamse hoppe. Naast de Premium Blonde Ale en de Original Bruin Ale is dit het derde bier uit de stal van de Flanders Fields Brewery.
De Original Tripel wordt gebrouwen met hoppe uit de regio van Flanders Fields op basis van een gist die reeds gebruikt werd door een lokale brouwerij ten tijde van Wereldoorlog I. De Flanders Fields Ale 14-18 Original Tripel heeft een mooie blonde kleur en een ruige schuimkraag. Het aroma is zacht kruidig met tinten van honing. De smaakaanzet is zacht moutig met opnieuw noties van honing en fruit. De afdronk brengt een zachte bitterheid afgewisseld met toetsen van aromatische kruiden.
De tripel laat zich vlot drinken met een alcoholvolume van 8 % alc.
Ingrediënten: water, mout, suiker, hop, gist. Bevat gluten.
Flanders Treasures
Dehemlaan 24
B-8900 Ieper
(www.flanderstreasures.com/bier/flanders-fields-ale-14-18-original-tripel-detail#.Vqk_W_nhC70).

Dit bier 14-18 verwijst naar de eerste wereldoorlog, waar de zomer van 1916 een onderdeel van uitmaakt. Waarin nog weer meer dingen gebeurden, die elk op hun beurt ook weer bestaan, bestonden, uit talloze kleine gebeurtenissen. Gedachten en daden van mensen. Iets overkwam hen en men reageerden. Men kon kiezen op basis van de informatie die men had en de ambities en idealen, een wereldbeeld...

Enkele data van honderd jaar geleden:

19 April US President Wilson publicly calls for the German's to stop their submarine policy of sinking all ships in enemy waters without warning.

27 April
Field Marshal Lord Kitchener, the British Secretary of State for War, asks for US military participation in Europe.

29 April
Described by one historian as "the most abject capitulation in Britain’s military history", British Empire forces surrender to Turkish forces at Kut in Mesopotamia (modern day Iraq). Of the 13,000 soldiers captured, less than half would survive the Turkish jails (www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/World-War-1-Timeline-1916/).


15 May - 2 June
In an attempt to knock Italy out of the war in a single blow, Austro-Hungarian forces begin the Trentino Offensive towards Italy's northern plain.
After heavy losses on both sides, the Trentino Offensive stabilises. The Italians had lost 147,000 men in defence of their land  (www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/World-War-1-Timeline-1916/).

31 May - 1 June
The Battle of Jutland. During the only large-scale naval battle of the War, German ships attempt to break free from a British naval blockade of the North Sea. Although the battle itself was inconclusive, it did keep the German surface fleet confined to port for the remainder of the war. Instead, the German Navy turned its efforts to submarine warfare  (www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/World-War-1-Timeline-1916/).

4 June - 20 Sept
In an attempt to relieve pressure on the British and French armies along the Western Front, Russia launches its Brusilov Offensive against Austro-Hungary in Carpathia (modern day Ukraine).
Russia's Brusilov Offensive in Carpathia comes to an end. The Austro-Hungarian Army is all but wiped-out, with 1.5 million men lost. Russian casualties are numbered at a half million (www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/World-War-1-Timeline-1916/).

5 June - 18 Nov
With British support (led by T. E. Lawrence (of Arabia)), Hussein, grand sherif of Mecca, leads an Arab revolt against the Turks in the Hejaz (www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/World-War-1-Timeline-1916/).

1 July
Start of the Battle of the Somme. Some 60,000 British men are killed or seriously wounded on the first day alone. Despite such huge losses, Field Marshall Douglas Haig orders that the battle must continue. 
Battle of the Somme ends 18 Nov. With approximately 1.5 million casualties, it will be remembered as one of the bloodiest military operations in history (www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/World-War-1-Timeline-1916/).

30 July
The Black Tom Island munitions plant in America's Jersey City is destroyed by an explosion. German saboteurs appear to have bombed the plant to prevent materials being sold to the Allies. Shrapnel from the explosion damages the Statue of Liberty (www.historic-uk.com/HistoryUK/HistoryofBritain/World-War-1-Timeline-1916/).

Aug
Romania enters the war on the side of the Allies.

15 Sept
Tanks were introduced for the first time on the Somme battlefield by the British. They were used in such limited numbers that their impact was negligible.

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