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maandag 18 april 2016

Thomas Beer en Thomas (Hardy’s) Ale

Thomas Beer

Thomas Beer (November 22, 1889 – April 18, 1940) was an American biographer, novelist, essayist, satirist, and author of short fiction.
Born in Council Bluffs, Iowa, Beer graduated from Yale University in 1911 and studied law at Columbia University from 1911 through 1913. He also served during World War I.
Beer was best known for his biographies of Stephen Crane (1923) and Mark Hanna (1929), as well as his study of American manners during the 1890s, The Mauve Decade (1926). He published three novels—The Fair Rewards (1922), Sandoval: A Romance of Bad Manners (1924), and The Road to Heaven: A Romance of Morals (1928)—in addition to more than 130 short stories in The Saturday Evening Post. In 1927, with the help of Eugene Spreicher and Atherton Curtis, Beer produced George W. Bellows: His Lithographs, a catalogue raisonné, with reproductions of the artist's black-and-white lithographs.
A collection of Beer's short stories was published under the title Mrs. Egg and Other Barbarians in 1933. After Beer's death of a heart attack in his apartment in the Hotel Albert in New York, another collection of his short stories, edited by Wilson Follett, was published as Mrs. Egg and Other Americans: Collected Stories (1947). These two collections are frequently confused: for example, the Columbia Encyclopedia entry on Beer gives the 1933 title for Follet's 1947 collection.
During the 1920s and 1930s, Beer was widely celebrated and much read. His fiction may have influenced such modernists as William Faulkner and F. Scott Fitzgerald. According to archivist Robert Nedelkoff (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Beer).


Thomas Beer was a gifted author who wrote engagingly about everyday people in the heartland although he was urbane and from the upper class.
Beer was born in Council Bluffs, the son of corporate attorney William Collins Beer and Martha Ann Alice Baldwin Beer. Their son would be the sixth generation of his family to become a lawyer, but his heart was in writing. The boy spent much of his childhood at his grandfather's farm in Ohio or with relatives at Yonkers, N.Y., and summers on Nantucket.
He graduated from Yale University in 1911, where he was class poet, then spent five years earning a law degree from Columbia University. He practiced law with his father from 1913 to 1917 before serving in France during World War I.
He started writing at the end of the war and with the death of his father.
Beer wrote 140 short stories for the Saturday Evening Post between 1917 and 1936. He turned out his first novel in 1921 and gained attention with "The Fair Rewards" in 1922, followed by "Sandoval" in 1924 and "The Road to Heaven" in 1928.
He is known primarily for "The Mauve Decade, American Life at the End of the Nineteenth Century" (1926), "Hanna" (1929) and "Stephen Crane" (1923), although today he is criticized for taking liberties with the Crane biography.
An unconventional man who never married, Beer spent winters in his old house in Yonkers and summers in a Victorian house at Nantucket. From July 1937 to September 1938, Beer had a physical and emotional breakdown and was never able to write again.
Beer was found dead in bed at the Albert Hotel in Greenwich Village. The official cause was a heart attack, but biographer John Clendenning calls Beer a closeted homosexual who was an alcoholic and says his death could have been suicide.
When he died, Beer was said to be working on a critical work called "Form, Color and Design," about the psychology of color (http://data.desmoinesregister.com/famous-iowans/thomas-beer).

Overigens was er ook een William Thomas Beer 1(885 – 1917) born 2nd qtr 1885 at Anns Terrace, Cubitt Town, Poplar (Middx), census 1901 at 13 Woolcomber Street, Dover (Kent), census 1911 in Dover (Kent), resided 1914 at 17 Woolcomber Street, Dover (Kent), occupation 1914 Hairdresser, Enlisted in Dover, Gunner 149905 - 39th Ammunition Supply Park - Royal Garrison Artillery, died 22 Dec 1917 Killed whilst on active service - Aged 32, buried at Ypres Reservoir Cemetery – Grave IV.B.15 (www.fadedgenes.co.uk/WilliamThomasBEER.html). En een Thomas Beer, born Abt 1788 in River, Nr Dover (Kent), baptized 28 Dec 1788 at Ss Peter & Paul, River, Nr Dover (Kent) en Thomas Beer, born 1768, baptized 21 Aug 1768 at St Anthony, Alkham (Kent)(zie www.fadedgenes.co.uk/WilliamThomasBEER.html). Of wat te denken van:

Dr. Beer
Dozent, Fachhochschule St. Gallen, Schweiz / Switzerland,Sprache / Language: deutsch / german
(www.dnapn.de/kongresse/new-call-for-abstract-teilnahme-am-innovationswettbewerb-bis-31-3-2013/kongressprogramm/) Lehre Fachbereich Gesundheit
Dozent für Pflege und Pflegewissenschaft (www.fhsg.ch/fhs.nsf/de/person?OpenDocument&person=thomas-beer&) Ergebnisorientierte Evaluation von einem spezialisierten Pflege-Case-Management bei chronisch Kranken und Langzeitpflegepatienten (www.medizin.uni-halle.de/index.php?id=531).

Of:


Prof. dr. Thomas De Beer
Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Process Analytical Technology
Prof. Thomas De Beer graduated in pharmaceutical sciences in 2002 at the Ghent University in Belgium. He obtained his PhD at the same university in 2007 (www.ugent.be/fw/pharmaceutical-analysis/en/research/pat/staff/thomasdebeer.htm).

Of:


‘Thomas de Beer’, aan het Wilhelminapark, tegenover de Goirkestraat. ...‘Thomas de Beer’ was een grote wollenstoffenfabriek, een van de grootste in Tilburg. Bekijk maar eens het briefhoofd hier... van ruim honderd jaar geleden.... (http://geheugenvantilburg.nl/verhalen/lees/14429/thomas-de-beer).

In 1854 begon Thomas de Beer een wollenstoffenfabriek aan De Veldhoven (Wilhelminapark). Na een overname van het bedrijf van Pieter Mutsaerts aan de Kuiperstraat verplaatsten zijn zonen het bedrijf in 1867 naar een andere plek aan De Veldhoven. In de loop der tijd volgden er tussen het Wilhelminapark en de Kuiperstraat diverse uitbreidingen.
Aan het begin van de twintigste eeuw was Thomas de Beer een van de grootste textielfabrieken in Tilburg en exporteerde het onder meer naar China en Japan (http://wiki.regionaalarchieftilburg.nl/Thomas_de_Beer).

Halverwege de jaren zestig (van de 20e eeuw) werkten er bij ‘Thomas de Beer’ nog zo’n 650 ‘man’. In 1968 sloot de weverij waarbij meer dan 400 mensen ‘op straat kwamen te staan’ en tot slot hield in 1989 ook de spinnerij ermee op. Sinds september 1992 is in een deel van het complex het ‘De Pont-museum’ ondergebracht (http://geheugenvantilburg.nl/verhalen/lees/14429/thomas-de-beer).


Dylan Thomas: beer and loafing in Fitzrovia
Think of Dylan Thomas and you think of Milk Wood and the endless green of Carmarthenshire. But was he as much a London writer as a Welsh one? Fellow Fitzrovian Griff Rhys Jones raises a glass to the poet’s bohemian drinking days....There was always a duality to Dylan and his work. He told Lawrence Durrell that London “gave him the willies”; he wrote that it was “an insane city” and it “filled him with terror”. His greatest poetry seems to long for the pantheistic energy of nature. But was he as much a London writer as a Welsh one? Sometimes he yearned for escape from “promiscuity, booze, coloured shirts, too much talk too little work”, but he kept coming back for another round.....Dylan spent most of the war working in London. But by the end of the blitz, he was beginning to get wary of the city. It wasn’t as if this poet grew tired of London – it was that London seemed to wear him out. Since 1934, when the “Rimbaud of Cwmdonkin Drive” had first hurried to join his artist friends in their digs, to sleep on floors and to venture slightly nervously into the pubs of literary and artistic renown, Thomas had become addicted to the everlasting party, the hot excitement of the saloon bar. But, as his friend Trevor Hughes noted in the Fitzroy Tavern, “Dylan did not want to drink – no, he wanted to talk.”That may have changed. Later commentators noted that he would arrive and line up the beers on the bar like soldiers in rank, in order to knock them back. There have been quite a few ready to condemn him on this centenary anniversary. Quite a few ready to “reclaim” his work from his reputation. Quite a few who want us to stop concentrating on his excesses and read the verses. There are not many who seem to have any sympathy for the road he travelled.
Surely, it was the duality of his life, the curiosity for company, the furious clowning, the infantilism, the immediate and instant affection, exactly the stuff that can irritate quieter more diligent writers and critics, that fuelled his most vivid verse. Why does Under Milk Wood continue to enthral when The Family Reunion sits on the shelf? It reaches down. It sets itself among ordinary people. It has the public bar and the post office and the chatterbox stranger written through it. And perhaps a certain straightforward commercial nous? Dylan worked for the Ministry of Information in the 1940s, and it was the post-propaganda film Dylan who wrote that work.
Dylan disdained the label of surrealist, but his characters use their fantasies to free themselves from the buttoned-up village and its closed minds. In the streets of Llareggub, they gossip, sniff and sneer, but in their private soliloquies they lust and seethe with forbidden desire. There were no small-town constraints in Fitzrovia. An artist could properly lead the bohemian life...Dylan Thomas was not a household name until 1945 and the success of Deaths and Entrances. Before that, he was known to (and part of) an informed circle. He worked in a recognisable world of the freelance media creative dogsbody. Journalism was not his métier. Instead, he picked up advertising or films or bits of short story. Perhaps today he would have written television, then he worked for the radio, and as much as an actor or “voice” as a writer (www.theguardian.com/books/2014/oct/15/dylan-thomas-in-fitzrovia-griff-rhys-jones).
     

Ik vind dus veteranen van de eerste wereldoorlog, schrijvers en dokters met de naam Thomas Beer...

Maar dan vind ik geen beer, maar ale:

There is one beer that hundreds, probably thousands, of beer enthusiasts the world over agree is one of the greatest beers in the world. Thomas Hardy’s Ale is an 11.7% barley wine, originally brewed in 1968 to commemorate the death of writer Thomas Hardy, and brewed annually (or there abouts) since the mid-1970s. Despite drawing in near-perfect scores on online beer websites, the beer has a bit of a chequered history.
Breweries have twice ceased production of the beer, with it last being brewed in 2008 by O’Hanlon’s in the UK. While it’s hoped Thomas Hardy’s Ale will soon be on the shelves again, with the Italian beer importers and distributers, Brew Invest, buying the brand late last year, it’s a beer that should really only be consumed on special occasions due to its rarity....Thomas Hardy’s Ale is to be revived in all its greatness, while maintaining all its extraordinary and unique peculiarities: vintage production is on English soil with limited quantities produced, its slight hints of dark fruit, turf and roast malt and its flavour that at times recalls a fine port or quality brandy (https://agirlandherpint.wordpress.com/2013/04/02/beer-of-the-month-march/).


First produced in 1968, Thomas Hardy’s Ale is barley wine produced just once yearly, with annual vintages in limited quantities. It quickly became an icon among beer and took on legendary status due to its sudden disappearance. Now, the legend is back…The Eldridge Pope brewery decided to try and create that beer Hardy mentioned in his writing. It had to be a special beer, with a high alcohol content, a consistent and sensuous body and long lasting and resilient aroma, or rather, capable of lasting over time (25 years, according to the brewery). Beer created for big occasions and therefore only produced once a year, left at length to mature in wood and lastly, brought to light in numbered bottles, with the year of production, the batch and the quantity produced clearly visible.
Thomas Hardy’s Ale quickly became hugely famous. The quality of the product combined with its exclusivity was an explosive mix. The individual years soon became the object of vertical tastings, like those held for important Langhe or Bordeaux wines and prices went sky high. However, producing Thomas Hardy’s was very expensive and making it meant sacrificing time and means for beer intentionally produced in limited quantities. In 1999 Eldridge Pope ceased production and, for the first time, Thomas Hardy’s appeared to have been confined to memory or auctions. Its disappearance, however, further reinforced its fame and lovers of this stylish leader of barley wines called for its return. And Thomas Hardy’s was back.
This time, starting in 2003, the O’Hanlon brewery created it. The same recipe, same immense work and the same exclusivity. Another six, prestigious years followed for a beer by now renowned around the world. Yet, for a second time, this excellent beer disappeared. And this time…

Thomas Hardy's Ale was first brewed by the Eldridge Pope brewery in the Dorset town of Dorchester on Tuesday, November 21, 1967.
Named after the famous British author of Tess of the d'Urbervilles and Far from the Madding crowd, Thomas Hardy's Ale was first brewed by the Eldridge Pope brewery in the Dorset town of Dorchester on Tuesday, November 21, 1967. After eight months of secondary fermentation and maturation the first batch was bottled in July 1968. The beer was launched later that year at a literary festival to mark the 40th anniversary of Hardy's death.
Eldridge Pope brewed the beer for the last time in 1999 the brewery was sold and closed shortly afterwards and many beer aficionados thought they had seen the last of this classic ale. However, with continuing strong demand in the United States, American importer George Saxon purchased the rights to the beer and then licensed another British brewery, O'Hanlon's, to recreate it. The Devon brewery has produced the beer annually since 2003.
O'Hanlon's sales manager Liz O'Hanlon claims the decision to stop producing the beer was a painful one, but became necessary because of the time and cost of brewing it.
"Our regular beers take about two weeks to brew. With the Thomas Hardy, we'd start brewing in January and it was September before we could start bottling it," she said.
With an alcohol percentage that sometimes topped 12 per cent, more raw materials were also needed than for any other O'Hanlon's beer. Even the packaging wasn't easy. Each bottle has a gold foil top and is individually numbered; there's also a gold medallion hung from each bottle.
"We had to hang those medallions by hand," O'Hanlon added.....At over 11 per cent, Thomas Hardy's Ale bears more than a close resemblance to a beer described by the author in his book The Trumpet Major. Hardy wrote, "It was of the most beautiful colour that the eye of an artist in beer could desire; full in body, yet brisk as a volcano; piquant, yet without a twang; luminous as an autumn sunset; free from streakiness of taste; but, finally rather heady."
Although I have since tasted several vintages, at various ages, my experience defers to the late Michael Jackson who, over the years, enjoyed many vertical samplings of the beer. The famous British beer writer wrote: "When released, it is decidedly thick and yeasty, almost meaty and Marmite-like; after about five years, it tastes like sherry-dunked fruitcake."
In 1986, 18 years after its release, he sampled the inaugural brew at the brewery and wrote: "I found it extremely complex, with a faintly smoky aroma, reminiscent of a fire made from logs of fruit wood. The palate was extremely fruity, soft and powerful."
Although Saxon is currently trying to find another British brewery to take on the beer, things don't look promising.
Fuller's, the large London brewer, has already indicated it would only be interested in brewing the beer if it took ownership of the brand and Marston's, another sizeable regional brewer, has suggested it would need to brew a million litres a year to make the beer viable. That's 40 times what O'Hanlon's was producing! (www.stuff.co.nz/marlborough-express/your-marlborough/beer/2599813/Ale-moves-into-pages-of-history) There is some argument over whether Thomas Hardy’s is a Barley Wine or an Old Ale, and whether the two styles are mutually exclusive. Beer writer Martyn Cornell writes about it all here (https://agirlandherpint.wordpress.com/2013/04/02/beer-of-the-month-march/): If Thomas Hardy’s Ale and Gold Label can both be called “barley wine” despite being utterly different beers, then we have a serious problem in defining “barley wine” as a style....And while Ratebeer and the BJCP says Thomas Hardy’s is a barley wine, Beer Advocate calls it an old ale. So: make your minds up, Yanks (http://zythophile.co.uk/2010/09/14/so-what-is-the-difference-between-barley-wine-and-old-ale/).

Thomas Hardy, OM (2 June 1840 – 11 January 1928) was an English novelist and poet. A Victorian realist in the tradition of George Eliot, he was influenced both in his novels and in his poetry by Romanticism, especially William Wordsworth.[1] Charles Dickens was another important influence. Like Dickens, he was highly critical of much in Victorian society, though Hardy focused more on a declining rural society.
While Hardy wrote poetry throughout his life and regarded himself primarily as a poet, his first collection was not published until 1898. Initially, therefore, he gained fame as the author of novels, including Far from the Madding Crowd (1874), The Mayor of Casterbridge (1886), Tess of the d'Urbervilles (1891), and Jude the Obscure (1895). Hardy's poetry, though prolific, was not as well received during his lifetime. It was rediscovered in the 1950s, when Hardy's poetry had a significant influence on the Movement poets of the 1950s and 1960s, including Philip Larkin.
Most of his fictional works – initially published as serials in magazines – were set in the semi-fictional region of Wessex. They explored tragic characters struggling against their passions and social circumstances. Hardy's Wessex is based on the medieval Anglo-Saxon kingdom and eventually came to include the counties of Dorset, Wiltshire, Somerset, Devon, Hampshire and much of Berkshire, in southwest and south central England (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Hardy).

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